Climbing Mount Olympus is a non-technical hike, except for the final section from the Skala summit to the Mytikas peak, which is a YDS class 3 rock scramble. A particularly rich variety of trees and shrubs is found olymups Enipeas' gorge.
Mount Olympus has 52 peaks, deep gorges, and exceptional biodiversity. Mount Casino is also noted for its very rich flora with several species. It has been a National Parkthe first in Greecemount olympus casino, since It is also a World's Biosphere Reserve. Organized mountain refuges casino various mountaineering and climbing routes are available to visitors who want to explore it.
Olympus has many peaks and an almost circular shape. To the northwest lies the Vlach village of Kokkinoplou. The Makryrema stream separates Olympus from the massif of Voulgara. The villages PetraVrontou and Dion lie to the northwest, while on the eastern side there is the town of Litochorowhere Enipeas bisects the massif of Olympus. On its southeastern side, the Ziliana gorge divides Mount Olympus from Kato Olympos Lower Olympuswhile on its southwestern foothills, there are the villages Sykaminea and Karya.
The Aghias Triadas Sparmou Monastery and the village Pythion lie to the west. Olympus' dry foothills are known as the Xirokampi, containing chaparral and small animals. Further east, the plain of Dion is fertile and watered by the streams which originate on Olympus. Mount Olympus is formed of sedimentary rock laid down million years ago in a shallow sea.
Various geological events that followed caused the emergence of the whole region and the sea. Around casino million years ago glaciers covered Olympus and created its plateaus and depressions. With the temperature rise that followed, the ice melted and the streams that were created swept away large quantities of crushed rock in the lowest places, forming the alluvial fansthat spread out all over the region from the foothills of the mountain to the sea.
However, it is the central, almost vertical, rocky peaks, that impress the visitor. Over the town of Litochoro, on the horizon, the relief of the mountain displays an apparent V, between two peaks of almost equal height. It is Greece's highest peak. On the east side of the high peaks the steep slopes form zone like parallel folds, the 'Zonaria'.
Even narrower and steeper scorings, the 'Loukia', lead to the peak. Olympus olympus numerous ravines and gullies. There are also many precipices and casino number of caves, even nowadays unexplored.
The form and layout mount olympus the rocks favor the emergence of numerous springs, mainly lower than 2, m, of small seasonal lakes and streams and of a small river, Enipeas, with its springs in the site Prionia and its estuary in the Aegean Sea. The Twelve Olympian gods mount in the gorges, where there were also their palaces.
Pantheon today Mytikas was their meeting place and theater of their stormy discussions. The Throne of Zeus today Stefani hosted solely him, the leader of the gods. From there he unleashed his thunderbolts, expressing his divine wrath. In Pieriaon Olympus' northern foot, the mythological tradition had placed the nine Musespatrons of the Fine Arts, daughters of Zeus and the Titanide Mnemosyne.
According to several sources, including hereMt Olympus was originally named Mount Belus. The history of Olympus has been turbulent, as its surrounding area was not only a sacred shrine but also a battlefield for the control of the access from Thessaly to Macedonia in ancient times.
In casino period of the Ottoman Empire the mountain was a hiding place and base of operations for klephts and armatoloi. The action of the klephts in Olympus led the Turks to visit their outrage on the klephts' ally-village of Milia in the late 17th centurywhich they destroyed. In that period Livadi in Olympus became the seat of the armatoliki of Olympus and Western Macedonia, with their first renowned commander Panos Zidros.
In the 18th century the Turks had to replace the armatoloi who very often joined the klephts with Moslem Albanian armatoloi who ravaged the countryside of Macedonia. However, Olympus' armatoloi, even after their capitulation to Ali Pashanever ceased fighting on land and at sea. Among them who were active there and in nearby regions were Nikotsaras, Giorgakis Olympios and the legendary family of Lazaioi.
In the early 20th century, even for some time after the liberation from the Ottoman Empirerobbers were active in the region - the best known of them the notorious Giagoulas, while during the German invasion in the Greek army fought significant battles along with units of New Zealanders and Australians.
During the German Occupation - the mountain was one of the centers of the Greek Resistancecasino a little later the Greek Civil War —49 started there, in Litochoro. Ancient Greeks likely never tried to climb Olympus' peaks Parththeon and the Throne of Zeus currently called Mytikas and Stefani respectivelywhich they considered to be the Twelve Olympians' home.
But surely they reached the nearest peak, nowadays called Aghios Butchs old casino steakhouse, from where they had a view of the two peaks and where they left offerings, as recent archaeological findings indicate.
In the modern era, a series of explorers tried to study the mountain and to reach, unsuccessfully, its summit. Examples include the French archaeologist Leon Heuzey casino, the German explorer Heinrich Barthand the German engineer Edward Richter.
Richter tried to reach the summit in but was abducted by Klephtswho also killed the Ottoman Gendarmes that accompanied him. It was just one year after the liberation of Greece from Ottoman rule, olympus 2 Augustthat the until then untrodden summit of Olympus was finally reached. Kakalos, who had much experience climbing Olympus, was the first of the three to climb Mytikas. Afterwards and till his death he was the official guide of Olympus.
Inhe and Marcel Kurz reached the second highest summit of Casino, Stefani. Based on these explorations, Kurz in edited Le Mont Olympea book that includes the first detailed map of the summits. Inthe painter Vasilis Ithakisios climbed Olympus together with Kakalos, reaching a cave that he named Shelter of the Musesand he spent many summers painting views of the mountain. Olympus was later photographed and mapped in detail by others, and a series of successful climbings and winter ascents of the steepest summits in difficult weather conditions took place.
Climbing Mount Olympus is a non-technical hike, except for the final section from the Skala summit to the Mytikas peak, which is a YDS class 3 rock scramble. It is estimated that 10, people climb Mount Olympus each year, most of them reaching only the Skolio summit. Most climbs of Mount Olympus start from the town of Litochorowhich took the name City of Gods because of its location at the foot of the mountain.
From there download slot madness smart casino road goes to Prionia, where the hike begins at the bottom of the mountain. The whole region of Pieria's Olympus was declared archaeological and historical site for the preservation of its monumental and historical character.
Five km away from the sea is Dionmount olympus casino, sacred city of the ancient Macedons, dedicated to Zeus and the Twelve Olympians. Its prosperity lasted from the 5th century B. The excavations, continuing sincehave revealed numerous findings of the Macedonian, the Hellenistic and the Roman period. Currently there is a unique archaeological park of hectares, with the ancient town and the sacred places of worship, outside its walls.
Many statues and other invaluable items are kept in the nearby Dion's museum. Pimblia and Livithra, two other towns in Olympus' region, are related to Orpheus and the "Orphic" mysteries. According to a tradition Orpheus, son of Apollo and Calliope one of the Musestaught here the mystic ceremonies of worship of Dionysus. By the sea, in a strategic position, at Macedonia's gates is located Platamon Castlebuilt between 7th and 10th mount olympus A.
In Olympus' region there are also several Christian monuments, among them the highest-altitude chapel of Orthodox Christianity, that of Profitis Ilias, on the summit of the casino name 2, m. It was built in the 16th century by Saint Dionysios of Olympus, who also founded the most significant monastery in the region.
The Old Monastery of Dionysios altitude m lies in Enipeas' gorge and is accessible by car from Litochoro. It was looted and burned by the Ottomans and in it was destroyed by the German invaders, who suspected it was a guerilla den. Nowadays it has been partially restored and operates as a dependency of greek isles casino vegas New Monastery of Dionysios, that is outside Litochoro.
It was founded in and since it has been restored and operates as a convent. Further west, in the edge of Mavratza stream, at 1, m, there is the Aghias Triadas Sparmou Monastery, that flourished in the early casino century, possessed great property and assisted to establish the famous Tsaritsani ' school.
It was abandoned inbut in it was completely renovated and reopened as a male monastery, affiliated to Elassona 's diocese. Generally speaking Olympus' climate can be described as one of mediterranean type with continental influence. Its local variations is the result of the impact of the sea and the rugged relief of the region.
In the lower locations Litochoro and the foothills the climate is typically mediterranean, i. As the altitude rises, the phenomena are more intense and the variations of temperature and humidity are often sudden. The coastal northeast slopes of Olympus receive more rain than the continental northwest, so, as a result, there is a clear difference in vegetation.
Hottest month is August, while coldest is February. The mountain's highest zone, over 2, metres, is snowcapped for about nine free no deposit mobile casino bonuses September to May. In some places the winds gather snow, 8—10 metres thick, 'anemosouria' in Greekwhile in some deep ravines the snow is maintained all over the year everlasting snow.
For this Olympus' alpine region, recordings have been made in the s in the highest-altitude weather station in Greece, that was established on the summit of Aghios Antonios 2, mproviding a number of interesting data for the mountain's climate. The weather may change several times in the same day. In summer rainfalls are frequent, commonly as evening thunderstorms, many times accompanied by hail and strong winds.
However water springs over 2, metres are mount and visitors should ensure that they have always water and of course the necessary clothing for any weather conditions. Of them are characterized as significant, 56 are Greek endemic and of them 23 are local endemic, i. Most of those found in lower casino are the common Mediterranean and central European species. Jankaea heldreichii, a plant relic of the Ice ageis of particular interest for the botanists.
Generally Olympus' northeast side is densely forested, as it receives the most rainfall, while the southwest one has casino sparser vegetation. Moreover, there is a clear sequence of the vegetation zones in accordance to altitude, in Olympus there is no such a regularity. It is due to the great microclimate variety, caused by the region's landscape. In the altitude between and metres occurs the evergreen broadleaf trees' zone maquis.
Along with oak Quercus ilex and Greek strawberry tree there occur kermes oakstrawberry treePhillyrea latifolia, bay laurelcedar and others. Of the deciduous species most common are flaxinus ulmus, Montpellier mapleJudas treeterebinthCotinus coggygria and others. The evergreen broadleaf trees' zone is gradually replaced by ecosystems of European black pinethat forms compact clusters, with no intermediate zone of deciduous oaks, although trees of these species occur sporadically within clusters of black pine.
On the northern slopes of Xirolakos valley, at altitude between and metres, there is a high forest of downy oak of about hectares. In this zone there is also hybrid fir in small groups and scrubs or small clumps, particularly in the lower by casino comment online powered uri wordpress and in the sites Naoumi west and Stalamatia and Polykastro eastwhere it is mixed with black pine and Bosnian pine.
In this zone there is also beech. While in the neighboring mountains Pierians and Ossa it creates an extended vegetation zone, in Olympus it is restricted to small clusters, appearing as islets, mainly in more humid locations and the best soils. A particularly rich variety of trees and shrubs is found in Enipeas' gorge.
One can see there elmcherry plumEuropean yewhazelhollycornus masmanna ashmaple and a considerable variety of herbaceous plants. Gorges and ravines are covered by oriental planeswillowsblack alders and riverside greenery. Typical species of this zone is Bosnian pine. This rare kind of pine occurs sporadically higher than 1, metres and gradually replaces the black pine, while over 1, metres it creates an almost unmixed forest.
Another feature of this zone is that over 2, metres the trees appear in a crawling form. The region, where Bosnian pine grows, is mostly dry and its slopes are rocky. There are no springs or water streams. The vegetation growing there is adapted to specific local conditions and represented by typical shrubs, graminaceous, chasmophytes etc.
Beyond Bosnian pine's zone follows an extensive zone, without trees, with alpine meadows, consisted by a mosaic of grassland ecosystems, depending on the topography, the slope and the orientation of the ground. In general, this alpine flora with more than plant species, contains snow accumulation meadows, grassy swamps, alpine scree and rock crevices.
On the meadows, the rocks and the steep slopes live most of the endemic Olympus' plants, among them some of the most beautiful wildflowers in Greece. Half of them are found only in the Balkans and 23 only in Olympus and nowhere else. Large mammals, that lived formerly in the region, like deerhave disappeared.
In ancient times there were lions Pausaniaswhile at least until the 16th century there were bears Life of St. There have also been casino species of birds like sparrowhawkcinereous vulturerock partridgewhite casinorock doveEuropean robinlanner falconperegrine falcontree falcon, golden eagleshort-toed snake eaglebooted eagle and hoopoe.
Many of them, particularly the birds of prey, are scarce. In addition there are the common reptiles of Greek fauna 22 species like snakesturtleslizardsetc. Greece's highest mountain, dwelling of the Twelve Gods of antiquity, has been the first region in the country to be applied specific protective rules, by its declaration as a National Park in In addition the declaration has aimed promoting scientific research along with environmental education for the public and tourist development in the region.
Specific laws prohibit all forms of exploitation on the eastern side of the mountain in an area of about 4, hectares, that is the core of the Park. At present, the park has been expanded to 24, hectares.
Its lowest altitude is metres and its peak, Mytikas, at 2, metres. It is also registered in the list of Natura European Network as a special protection area and a site of Community interest. The Park is protected by specific legislation. In addition, on Pieria's coastal zone there are many camp sites and lodgings. The nearest international airport is that of Thessaloniki and the closest to Olympus railway stations are those of Litochoro, Katerini and Leptokarya.
There is frequent service of KTEL buses and a taxi stand in Litochoro's central square. It was named after Christos Kakalos the Olympus hunter and guide who together with casino Swiss climbers Fred Boissonnas and Daniel Baud Bovy made the first recorded ascent to Olympus play free casino slots games for fun peak Mytikas on 2 August It has a capacity of 25 people and offers lodging, food and toilets.
It is open from mid May to end of October and from December to mid April. Mount Olympus and the national Park around it were selected as the main motif for the Greek National Park Olympus commemorative coinminted in Above the scene is written, in Greek, "National Park Olympus". From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia.
For the volcano on the planet Mars, see Olympus Mons. For other uses, see Olympus. Management Agency of Olympus National Park. Retrieved 30 August Retrieved 31 December Retrieved 4 November Encyclopedia of Ancient Greece. National parks of Greece. Ultra prominent peaks of Europe.
Roque de los Muchachos. Pico de las Nieves. Ancient Greek religion and mythology. List of minor Greek mythological figures. Dioscuri Castor and Pollux. Funeral and burial practices. Cave at Cape Matapan. Cave at Lake Avernus. Cave at Heraclea Pontica. Isles of the Blessed. Language of the birds. Decline of Greco-Roman polytheism. Greek mythology in popular culture.
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Unsourced material may be challenged and removed. March Learn how and when to remove this template message. Location of Mount Olympus in Greece. Greece Macedonia and Thessaly, near the Gulf of Salonika 2 August Christos Kakalos, Frederic Boissonnas and Daniel Baud-Bovy.
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